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Tips and Tricks
SPOT THE DANGERS Never fool around or run beside water
You might trip and fall in Take care on the river bank
It may be slippery and can crumble Keep away from the edge of canals
The water is often very deep Beware of locks and weirs
The water flows very quickly
TAKE SAFETY ADVICE Always take a mobile phone with you
Be safe and choose a beach or swimming pool where there are lifeguards
Always follow the advice of a lifeguard at the seaside and find out when and where it is safe to swim
Look for signs or flags which tell you where it is safe to swim
Never swim where a sign or flag says not to
GO WITH A FRIEND If you are alone there will be no-one to help you if you get into trouble
Even if they cannot help you out they can go and get other help
Never go swimming, fishing or boating on your own and go with a friend who can help you if you are in trouble in the water
Always make sure a grown-up knows where you are going and when you will be back
LEARN HOW TO HELP If you see someone in trouble, here is how you can help:
Keep calm and always think before you act and assess the danger. You are no help to anyone if you get into trouble yourself
Try to get help by shouting as loudly as you can
If someone is in the water reach out with a stick, pole, towel or clothing to pull them to the water edge and lie down and hold on to something so that you do not get pulled in
If no-one comes and you cannot reach the person - telephone 999 or 112 and ask for help
WATER SAFETY Do not drink alcohol before swimming - wait at least an hour after eating a meal before you go in the water
Do not dive into water if you cannot see the bottom
If you get tired or start to feel cold, get out of the water immediately
Find out when and where it is safe to swim by asking a lifeguard
Always wear a lifejacket if you go sailing
Do not open your oven, toaster oven or microwave if there is a fire inside.
Do not leave a frying pan unattended with the stove on. Frying is the riskiest kind of cooking because the oil provides ready fuel.
Do not throw flour on a grease fire. It just provides more fuel.
Do not throw water on a grease fire. Water is heavier than oil so it plunges to the bottom and sends the grease flying up in a lethal fireball.
Do not toss frozen foods into boiling oil. The water in the food has the same effect, causing an explosion of grease.
What TO Do:
For any kind of oven fire, keep the door closed, and shut the power off. Wait until the fire dies.
Keep combustibles like oven mitts, recipes, ingredient boxes etc. at least 3 feet from your burners and oven.
But do keep an oven mitt a safe distance away, along with a pot lid. If you have a small grease fire, put the mitt on and slide the pot lid over the fire. Then turn the stove off. Wait for the fire to completely cool before you remove the lid or it will restart when you introduce oxygen.
If small flames are still coming out of the pan or have flared up in your stove rings, you can dump baking soda on them to smother them.
For a larger grease fire, experts strongly recommend that you do NOT try to fight it yourself. Get out alive and call 911. Many fire deaths occur when people try to fight cooking fires themselves.
Railroad Safety 1/ Freight trains do not travel at fixed times, and schedules for passenger trains change.
2/ Always expect a train at each highway-rail intersection. All train tracks are private property. Never walk on tracks, it is illegal trespass and highly dangerous. By the time a locomotive engineer sees a trespasser or vehicle on the tracks it is too late. It takes the average freight train traveling at 55 mph more than a mile (the length of 18 football fields) to stop. Trains cannot stop quickly enough to avoid a collision.
3/ The average locomotive weighs about 400,000 pounds or 200 tons; it can weigh up to 6,000 tons. This makes the weight ratio of a car to a train proportional to that of a soda can to a car. We all know what happens to a soda can hit by a car.
4/ Trains have the right of way 100% of the time over emergency vehicles, cars, the police and pedestrians.
5/ A train can extend three feet or more beyond the steel rail, putting the safety zone for pedestrians well beyond the three foot mark. If there are rails on the railroad ties always assume the track is in use, even if there are weeds or the track looks unused.
6/ Trains can move in either direction at any time. Sometimes their cars are pushed by locomotives instead of being pulled, which is especially true in commuter and light rail passenger service.
7/ Today s trains are quieter than ever, producing no telltale 'clackety-clack.' Any approaching train is always closer, moving faster, than you think.
8/ Remember to cross train tracks only at designated pedestrian or roadway crossings, and obey all warning signs and signals posted there.
9/ Stay alert around railroad tracks. No texting, headphones or other distractions that would prevent you from hearing an approaching train; never mix rails and recreation.

This page layout was last updated on Sunday, 30th April, 2017